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An Abridgement Based on T. S. R. Broughton's Magistrates of the Roman Republic vol. 2 and 3 (Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1952, 1986).

Return to Rome During the Fifties B.C.





Jump to:







59 B.C., A.U.C. 695 [Return to Top of Page]

Consuls: C. Iulius C. f. C. n. Caesar Pat. (Cos. 48, 46-44, Pr. 62): See MRR 2. 187-188.

M. Calpurnius C. f. Bibulus (Pr. 62)

Praetors: T. Ampius Balbus

L. Appuleius Saturninus

Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Spinther Clodianus Pat.: Presided at trial of C. Antonius, prob. in Quaestio de maiestate.

Q. Fufius Calenus (Cos. 47): Carried law to require separate reports of the votes of the three classes of jurors.

T. Vettius Sabinus: Quaestio de repetundis. Presided at trial of L. Valerius Flaccus for extortion.

Aed. Cr.: ? C. Licinius Murena

? C. Visellius Varro

Aed. Pl.: ? L. Calpurnius Bestia

Iudex Q.: P. Licinius Crassus (Pr. 57): L. Vettius was indicted before him for a breach of peace.

Tr. Pl.: C. Alfius Flavus: Supporter of Caesar, Pompeius, and Crassus.

Q. Ancharius (Pr. 56): One of 3 tribunes who opposed Caesar, Pompeius, and Crassus.

Q. Caecilius Metellus Pius Scipio Nasica (Cos. 52, Pr. 55)

C. Cosconius (Pr. 54?)

Cn. Domitius Calvinus (Cos. 53, 40, Pr. 56): One of 3 tribunes who opposed Caesar, Pompeius and Crassus.

C. Fannius (Pr. 55?): One of 3 tribunes who opposed Caesar, Pompeius, and Crassus.

? P. Nigidius Figulus (Pr. 58)

P. Vatinius (Cos. 47, Pr. 55): Chief supporter of Caesar, Pompeius, and Crassus. See MRR 2.190 for legislation.

Quaest.: L. Aemilius Lepidus Paullus Pat. (Cos. 50, Pr. 53): Served under C. Octavius in Macedonia.

Caecilius

M. Favonius (Pr. 49)

Promag.: ? L. Afranius (Cos. 60): Perhaps Proconsul in Cisalpine Gaul.

Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus Pat. (Cos. 56, Pr. 60): Governor, perhaps Proconsul, of Syria.

P. Cornelius Lentulus Spinther Pat. (Cos. 57, Pr. 60): Governor, perhaps Proconsul, of Nearer Spain.

? L. Culleolus: Governor of Illyricum, before Caesar.

C. Octavius (Pr. 61): Proconsul in Macedonia. Saluted as Imperator for his victory over the Bessi.

C. Papirius Carbo (Pr. 62): Governor of Bithynia and Pontus.

? Q. Pompeius Rufus (Pr. 63): Proconsul in Africa.

C. Pomptinus (Pr. 63): Vatinius refused to recognize validity of the supplicationes for his victory in Gaul.

Q. Tullius Cicero (Pr. 62): Proconsul in Asia.

C. Vergilius Balbus (Pr. 62): Propraetor in Sicily.

Legates: L. Aelius Tubero: Served as Legate under Q. Cicero in Asia.

A. Allienus (Pr. 49): Served as Legate under Q. Cicero in Asia.

M. Gratidius: Served as Legate under Q. Cicero in Asia.

Sp. Cm.: 1. Board of Twenty to assign land under Caesar's agrarian laws:

M. Attius Balbus (Pr. by 59)

Cn. Pompeius Magnus (Cos. 70, 55, 52)

M. Terentius Varro (Pr. -)

Cn. Tremellius Scrofa (Pr. -)

2. Board of Five with judicial also:

M. Valerius Messalla Niger Pat. (Cos. 61)

? C. Cosconius (Pr. 63): Died before July 59.

? M. Licinius Crassus (Cos.70, 55, Pr. 73?): It is uncertain as to which board he belonged, if not to both.

Augurs: Q. Caecilius Metellus Celer (Cos. 60, Pr. 63): ? - 59. Died.

Successor: Unknown.

Cn. Pompeius Magnus (Cos. 70, 55, 52): Functioned as augur at adoption of Clodius into plebeian family.





58 B.C., A.U.C. 696 [Return to Top of Page]

Consuls: L. Calpurnius L. f. L. n. Piso Caesoninus (Pr. 61?)

A. Gabinius A. f. (Pr. 61)

Praetors: L. Cornelius Lentulus Crus Pat. (Cos. 49)

L. Domitius Ahenobarbus (Cos. 54): With C. Memmius, he attacked Caesar's acta. Discussed measure for Cicero's recall.

C. Fabius Hadrianus

L. Flavius: Came into conflict with Clodius when Tigranes was taken from his custody.

C. Memmius: With Domitius, he attacked Caesar's acta. Attempted to try Vatinius for violation of lex Iunia Licinia.

P. Nigidius Figulus

L. Villius Annalis

[The following are possibilities: See MRR 2.192 for further details.]

C. Considius Longus

Q. Minucius Thermus

P. Silius Nerva

Cn. Tremellius Scrofa

Aed. Cr.: M. Aemilius Scaurus Pat. (Pr. 56): Gave aedilician games of special magnificence.

P. Plautius Hypsaeus (Pr. 55)

Iudex Q.: ? C. Visellius Varro

Tr. Pl.: Aelius Ligus: Associated himself with Clodius & vetoed Ninnius's proposal for Cicero's recall.

L. Antistius: Attempted to prosecute Caesar for his actions while Consul, but was restrained by his colleagues.

P. Clodius Pulcher: See MRR 2.195-6.

L. Ninnius Quadratus: Supported Cicero's cause. Also attempted to prevent one of Clodius's men from celebr. Ludi Compitales.

L. Novius [Niger?]: Took cognizance of a supposed attempt by Clodius on Pompeius's life.

Q. Terentius Culleo: Proposed to annul law exiling Cicero and attempted to draw Pompeius away from his Caesarian associates.

Quaest.: C. Calpurnius Piso Frugi: Assigned to Pontus and Bithynia, he gave up his province in order to aid in Cicero's recall, his father-in-law.

Cn. Plancius: Served in Macedonia under L. Appuleius Saturninus and aided Cicero during his exile.

Promag.: T. Ampius Balbus (Pr. 59): Proconsul in Asia.

L. Appuleius Saturninus (Pr. 59): Propraetor in Macedonia.

Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus Pat. (Cos. 56, Pr. 60): Governor of Syria for two years.

C. Iulius Caesar Pat. (Cos. 59, 48, 46-44, Pr. 62): See MRR 2.197.

C. Pomptinus (Pr. 63): Remained outside of Rome awaiting confirmation of a triumph.

M. Porcius Cato (Pr. 54): Appointed under lex Clodia as Quaestor pro Praetore toannex Cyprus and restore exiles at Byzantium.

Q. Tullius Cicero (Pr. 62): Proconsul in Asia, whence he returned in May.

C. Vergilius Balbus (Pr. 62): Propraetor in Sicily. Debarred by terms of lex Clodia from giving Cicero a refuge.

T. Vettius Sabinus (Pr. 59?): Governor of Africa.

Legates: M. Mettius: Caesar sent him to Ariovistus who made him a prisoner.

C. Valerius Procillus: Caesar sent him to Ariovistus who made him a prisoner.

? C. Claudius Pulcher Pat. (Pr. 56): Brother of P. Clodius in charge of Caesar's troops in Italy in early 58.

T. Labienus (Pr.-): Served under Caesar as Legatus pro praetore.

? L. Aurunculeius Cotta: Legate under Caesar in Gaul.

Q. Pedius (Cos. Suff. 43, Pr. 48): Legate under Caesar in Gaul.

? Ser. Sulpicius Sabinus: Legate under Caesar in Gaul.

? Q. Titurius Sabinus: Legate under Caesar in Gaul.

? P. Vatinius (Cos. 47, Pr. 55): Legate under Caesar in Gaul.

Prefects: P. Licinius Crassus: In command of cavalry against Ariovistus.

Pontif.: L. Pinarius Natta: Recently elected Pontifex who officiated at dedication of shrine to Libertas on site of Cicero's house.

Flam.: Sex. Iulius Caesar Pat.: Flamen Quirinalis.





57 B.C., A.U.C. 697 [Return to Top of Page]

Consuls: P. Cornelius P. f. Cn. n. Lentulus Spinther Pat. (Pr. 60): Worked for recall of Cicero and carried bill in comitia centuriate for his recall.

Q. Caecilius P. f. Q. n. Metellus Nepos (Pr. 60): Cooperated w/colleague in Cicero's recall & in giving Pompeius charge of grain supply.

Praetors: C. Caecilius Cornutus: Aided in securing Cicero's recall from exile.

L. Caecilius Rufus: Pr. Urbanus.

M. Calidius.

Ap. Claudius Pulcher Pat. (Cos. 54): Quaestio de repetundis. Didn't join his colleagues in supporting Cicero's recall.

P. Licinius Crassus

Sex. Quinctilius Varus Pat.

C. Septimius

Q. Valerius Orca

Aed. Cr.: ? Q. Caecilius Metellus Pius Scipio Nasica: Gave splendid gmaes in honor of his adoptive father.

Q. Fabius Maximus Pat. (Cos. Suff. 45, Pr. 48): Restored the Fornix Fabinaus.

Aed. Pl.: ? L. Calpurnius Bestia: Defended by Cicero from a charge of ambitus.

C. Cosconius (Pr. 54)

Tr. Pl.: T. Annius Milo (Pr. 55): Cooperated with Sestius, he organized gangs to fight ag. Clodius, while working for Cicero's recall.

Sex. Atilius Serranus Gavianus: Opposed Cicero's recall.

C. Cestilius: Aided in Cicero's recall.

M. Cispius (Pr. af. 54): He was later condemned for bribery.

M'. Curtius Peducaenus (Pr. 50)

Q. Fabricius: Led in attempting to carry on Jan. 25 the bill of the eight Tribunes for Cicero's recall.

T. Fadius [Gallus?]

C. Messius: Offered bill for Cicero's recall at the beg. of his tribunate & in Sept. proposed bill to give P. vast powers over grain supply.

Q. Numerius Rufus (Gracchus): With Serranus he opposed the moves for Cicero's recall.

P. Sestius: With Milo he worked most actively for Cicero's recall.

Promag.: L. Calpurnius Piso Caesonius (Cos. 58, Pr. 61): Proconsul in Macedonia with unlimited imperium. He was proclaimed imperator.

C. Fabius Hadrianus (Pr. 58): Proconsul in Asia

A. Gabinius (Cos. 58, Pr. 61?): Proconsul in Syria with unlimited imperium. He was refused a supplicatio for his successes.

C. Iulius Caesar (Cos. 59, 48, 46-44, Pr. 62): Proconsul of both Gallic provinces and Illyricum. Honored with supplicatio for 15 days.

C. Memmius (Pr. 58): Governor of Bithynia and Pontus, with Catullus and Cinna on his staff.

Cn. Pompeius Magnus (Cos. 70, 55, 52): Received charge of grain supply with imperium pro consule for 5 years with 15 legates.

C. Pomptinus (Pr. 63): Remained outside of Rome awaiting triumph.

M. Porcius Cato (Pr. 54): Quaestor pro praetore in charge of annexation of Cyprus and the restoration of Byzantine exiles.

T. Vettiuis Sabinus (Pr. 59): He may have remained as governor of Africa.

Legates: L. Aurunculeius Cotta: Legate under Caesar in Gaul.

? Cornelius Sisenna: Stepson and probably Legate or Prefect under Gabinius in Syria.

T. Labienus (Pr. -): Legatus pro praetore under Caesar in Gaul.

? P. Licinius Crassus: Served under Caesar in Gaul.

Q. Marcius Crispus (Pr. 46): Legate under Piso in Macedonia.

Q. Pedius (Cos. Suff. 43, Pr. 48): Legate of Caesar in Gaul.

? Servilius or Servianus: Served under Gabinius in Syria.

Ser. Sulpicius Galba Pat. (Pr. 54): Legate under Caesar in Gaul.

Q. Titurius Sabinus: Legate under Caesar in Gaul.

M. Tullius Cicero (Cos. 63, Pr. 65): Legate under Pompeius.

Q. Tullius Cicero (Pr. 62): Legate under Pompeius; served in Sardinia beg. in autumn of 57.

L. Valerius Flaccus (Pr. 63): Legate under Piso in Macedonia.

P. Vatinius (Cos. 47, Pr. 55): Legate under Caesar in Gaul.

C. Vergilius Balbus (Pr. 62): Legate under Piso in Macedonia.

Prefects: M. Antonius (Cos. 44, 34, Cos. Desig. 31): Commander of cavalry under Gabinius in Syria.

Pontif.: C. Iulius Caesar Pat. (Cos. 59, 48, 46-44, Pr. 62): Pontifex Maximus

P. Cornelius Lentulus Spinther (Cos. 57, Pr. 60)

P. Servilius Vatia Isauricus (Cos. 79, Pr. 90)

M. Terentius Varro Lucullus (Cos. 73, Pr. 76)

Q. Caecilius Metellus Creticus (Cos. 69, Pr. 74)

M'. Acilius Glabrio (Cos. 67, Pr. 70)

M. Valerius Messala Pat. (Cos. 61, Pr. 64?)

L. Cornelius Lentulus Niger Pat. (Pr. bef. 60): Flamen Martialis.

P. Sulcipius Galba Pat. (Pr. bef. 65)

Q. Caecilius Metellus Pius Scipio Nasica (Cos. 52, Pr. 55)

C. Fannius (Pr. 55?)

M. Aemilius Lepidus Pat. (Cos. 46, 42, Pr. 49)

L. Claudius Pulcher Pat.: Rex Sacrorum.

M. Aemilius Scaurus Pat. (Pr. 56)

M. Licinius Crassus (Cos. 70, 55) or M. Licinius Crassus

C. Scribonius Curio (Cos. 76, Pr. 80?)

Sex. Iulius Caesar Pat.: Flamen Quirinalis.

Q. Cornelius: Pontifex Minor.

P. Albinovanus: Pontifex Minor.

Q. Terentius Culleo: Pontifex Minor.

Augurs: P. Cornelius Lentulus Spinther Pat.: Son of Consul of 57, adopted into the family of the Manlii Torquati to make him eligible.

Faustus Cornelius Sulla Pat.: Augur before 57.





56 B.C., A.U.C. 698 [Return to Top of Page]

Consuls: Cn. Cornelius P. f. Lentulus Marcellinus Pat. (Pr. 60): He opposed candidacy of Crassus and Pompeius for consulships of 55.

L. Marcius Philippus (Pr. 62)

Praetors: M. Aemilius Scaurus Pat.: Quaestio de vi. Presided at trial of Sestius.

Q. Ancharius

C. Claudius Pulcher Pat.: Attempted to prevent removal of tablet on Capitoline under which Cicero was exiled.

Cn. Domitus Calvinus (Cos. 53, 40): Quaestio de ambitu. Presided at trial of Bestia de ambitu and perhaps Caelius de vi.

Aed. Cr.: P. Clodius Pulcher: See MRR 2.208.

? M. or C. Claudius Marcellus (Cos. 51, or 50, or 49): Probably to be identified with Consul of 50, C. Marcellinus.

Iudex Q.: ? Cn. Domitius: See MRR 2.208 for uncertainties as to his identity.

Antistius Vetus

L. Caninius Gallus: Sought to give Pompeius, rather than Lentulus Spinther, the duty of restoring Ptolemy Auletes.

Cassius

M. Nonius Sufenas: Prosecuted with C. Cato in 54 for his part in obstructing elections in this year.

Cn. Plancius

A. Plautius (Pr. 51?): Read to Senate a letter from Ptolemy asking to be restored by Pompeius and two lictors.

C. Porcius Cato: Supported neither Lentulus or Pompeius with regards to restoring Ptolemy.

L. Procilius: Prosecuted and convicted in 54 for his part in delaying elections in this year.

L. Racilius: Supported optimate stand ag. Clodius.

P. Rutilius Lupus: Attacked Caesar's agrarian law and supported motion to have Pompeius restore Ptolemy.

Quaest.: ? M. Coelius Vinicianus (Pr. 48)

Promag.: C. Caecilius Cornutus: Governor of Bithynia and Pontus.

Q. Caecilius Metellus Nepos (Cos. 57, Pr. 60): Proconsul in Nearer Spain where he dealt with a rising of the Vaccaei.

L. Caecilus Rufus (Pr. 57): Proconsul of Sicily.

L. Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus (Cos. 58, Pr. 61?): Proconsul in Macedonia. It was decided in this year to send him a succesor in 55.

Ap. Claudius Pulcher Pat. (Cos. 54, Pr. 57): Governor of Sardinia.

P. Cornelius Lentulus Spinther Pat. (Cos. 57, Pr. 60): Proc. in Cilicia. Commissioned in late 57 to restore Ptolemy until oracle was read.

A. Gabinius (Cos. 58, Pr. 61?): Prconsul in Syria. Prepared for expedition against the Parthians.

C. Iulius Caesar Pat. (Cos. 59, 48, 46-44, Pr. 62): Proconsul in two Gallic provinces and Illyricum.

Cn. Pompeius Magnus (Cos. 70, 55, 52): Proconsul in charge of the grain supply. See MRR 2.211.

C. Pomptinus (Pr. 63): Remained outside of Rome awaiting triumph.

M. Porcius Cato (Pr. 54): Quaestor pro praetore to annex Cyprus and restore Byzantine exiles. Returned in 56.

Sex. Quinctilius Varus Pat. (Pr. 57): Proconsul in Farther Spain.

C. Septimius (Pr. 57): Proconsul in Asia.

Q. Valerius Orca: Proconsul in Africa.

[Unknown governors for Crete and Cyrene.]

Tr. Mil.: C. Volusenus: Served under Caesar in Gaul

Legates: T. Silius: Pref. or Tr. Mil. of equestrian rank sent by Crassus to collect grain from Veneti, Esbuii, and Curiosolites. Arrested and held.

T. Terrasidius: Pref. or Tr. Mil. of equestrian rank sent by Crassus to collect grain from Veneti, Esbuii, and Curiosolites. Arrested & held.

M. Trebius Gallus: Pref. or Tr. Mil. of equestrian rank sent a Crasse to collect grain from Veneti, Esbuii, & Curiosolites. Arrested & held.

Q. Velanius: Pref. or Tr. Mil. of equestrian rank sent by Crassus to collect grain from Veneti, Esbuii, and Curiosolites. Arrested and held.

L. Aurunculeiuis Cotta: Legate under Caesar.

T. Labienus: Legatus pro praetore under Caesar. In charge of Rhine region.

? P. Licinius Crassus: Sent to Aquitania by Caesar, where he waged a successful campaign. Returned to R. with veterans for elections.

Q. Marcius Crispus (Pr. 46): Legate under Piso in Macedonia.

? Q. Pedius (Cos. Suff. 43, Pr. 48): Legate under Caesar in Gaul.

? Ser. Sulpicius Galba Pat. (Pr. 54): Legate under Caesar in Gaul. He may have returned to Rome in 56.

Q. Titurius Sabinus: Legate under Caesar in Gaul, where he crushed a rising of the Veneli, Curiosolites and the Lexovii.

Q. Tullius Cicero (Pr. 62): Legate under Pompeius, in Sardinia whence he returned in June.

L. Valerius Flaccus Pat. (Pr. 63): Legate under Piso in Macedonia.

P. Vatinius (Cos. 47, Pr. 55): Legate under Caesar, but in R. while Legate.

C. Vergilius Balbus: Legate under Piso in Macedonia.

Prefects: D. Iunius Brutus Albinus: Prefet of Caesar's fleet against the Veneti.

M. Antonius (Cos. 44, 34, Cos. Desig. 31)

Pontif.: L. Pinarius Natta Pat.: ? - 56.

Augurs: L. Licinius Lucullus Ponticus (Cos. 74, Pr. 78): ? - 56.

Flam. M.: L. Cornelius Lentulus Niger Pat. (Pr. bef. 60): bef. 69-56.

Successor: ? L. Cornelius Lentulus Pat.

Sept. Ep.: Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus Pat. (Cos. 56)

Luperci: M. Caecilus Rufus (Pr. 48)

L. Herennius Balbus





55 B.C., A.U.C. 699 [Return to Top of Page]

Consuls: Cn. Pompeius Cn. f. Sex. n. Magnus (Cos. 70, 52): See MRR 2.214.

M. Licinius P. f. M. n. Crassus (Cos. 70, Pr. 73?): See MRR 2.214.

Censors: M. Valerius M. f. M'. f. Messalla Niger Pat. (Cos. 61, Pr. 64?): After destructive flood, he and his colleague tried to regulate the Tiber.

P. Servilius C. f. M. n. Vatia Isauricus (Cos. 79, Pr. 90): Still in office w/his colleague as of July 54, but lustrum was not completed.

Praetors: T. Annius Milo

? Q. Caecilius Metellus Pius Scipio Nasica (Cos. 52)

Gutta

? P. Plautius Hypsaeus

P. Vatinius: Elected over Cato through collusion of Crassus and Pompeius.

Aed. Cr.: ? L. Aemilius Paullus Pat. (Cos. 50, Pr. 53): Undertook repair of Basilica Aemilia.

? Nonius Struma

Aed. Pl.: C. Messius: Celebrated the Floralia as Aedile.

Tr. Pl.: P. Aquilius Gallus: With Ateius Capito, he opposed plans of Pompeius and Crassus. Tried to prevent passage of lex Trebonia.

C. Ateius Capito (Pr. -): W/Gallus he opposed Pompeius & Crassus. Cursed the departure of Crassus from the city.

C. Trebonius (Cos. 45, Pr. 48): Carried against all obstruction law giving provinces to P. & Cr., each for five years.

Mamilius: Author of lex Mamilia Roscia Alleian Peducaea Fabia.

L. Roscius Fabatus (Pr. 49): Author of lex Mamilia Roscia Alleian Peducaea Fabia.

A. Allienus (Pr. 49): Author of lex Mamilia Roscia Alleian Peducaea Fabia.

Sex. Peducaeus: Author of lex Mamilia Roscia Alleian Peducaea Fabia.

C. Fabius: Author of lex Mamilia Roscia Alleian Peducaea Fabia.

Quaest.: ? P. Licinius Crassus

? L. Minucius Basilus

? C. Sallustius Crispus.

Interrex: M. Valerius Messala Pat. (Cos. 61, Pr. 64?)

Promag.: M. Aemilius Scaurus Pat. (Pr. 56): Governor of Sardinia, probably proconsul. Returned in 54 to unsuccessful prosecution.

Q. Ancharius (Pr. 58): Proconsul in Macedonia in succession to Piso.

Q. Caecilius Metellus Nepos (Cos. 57, Pr. 60): Proconsul in Nearer Spain, where he faced a rising of the Vaccaei.

L. Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus (Cos. 58, Pr. 61?): Proconsul in Macedonia, whence he returned before late summer.

C. Claudius Pulcher Pat.: Proconsul in Asia.

P. Cornelius Lentulus Spinther Pat. (Cos. 57, Pr. 60): Proconsul in Cilicia.

A. Gabinius (Cos. 58, Pr. 61?): In spring of 55 he restored Ptolemy Auletes to the throne of Egypt. Condemned for extortion in 54.

C. Iuluis Caesar Pat. (Cos. 59, 48, 46-44, Pr. 62): Proconsul in two Gallic provinces and Illyricum.

C. Pomptinus (Pr. 63): Continued to wait for his triumph.

Cn. Pompeius Magnus (Cos. 70, 55, 52): Proconsul in charge of the grain supply.

? Sex. Quinctilius Varus Pat. (Pr. 57): May have remained as Proconsul in Farther Spain until Pompeius b/c governor.

Legates: L. Aurunculeius Cotta: Legate under Caesar in Gaul.

T. Labienus: Legatus pro praetore under Caesar in Gaul.

? Q. Numerius Rufus: Legate under Caesar.

? M. Plaetoriuis Cestianus (Pr. 64): Went to Lentulus Spinther in Cilicia.

P. Suplicius Rufus Pat. (Pr. 48): Legate under Caesar in Gaul.

Q. Titurius Sabinus: Legate under Caesar in Gaul.

L. Afranius (Cos. 60, Pr. 72?): Legate of Pompeius, sent to Spain bef. end of 55.

M. Petreius (Pr. bef. 63): Legate of Pompeius, sent to Spain bef. end of 55.

Prefects: M. Antonius (Cos. 44, 34, Cos. Desig. 31): Served under Gabinius in Syria and aided in restoring Ptolemy.

Augurs: P. Licinius Crassus: Successor of L. Licinius Lucullus.





54 B.C., A.U.C. 700 [Return to Top of Page]

Consuls: L. Domitius Cn. f. Cn. n. Ahenobarbus (Pr. 58): Opposed Caesar, Gabinius, Pompeius.

Ap. Claudius Ap. f. Ap. n. Pulcher Pat. (Pr. 57): Became reconciled with Cicero.

Praetors: C. Alfius Flavus: Presided over trial of Gabinius for maiestas. May have been Quaesitor, not Praetor.

? M. Claudius Marcellus (Cos. 51)

? C. ? Cosconius

? Domitius: Quaestio de vi. Presided over second prosecution of Caelius Rufus.

? Fonteius: Pr. Urbanus.

M. Porcius Cato: Quaestio de repetundis. Presided over trial of Scaurus.

P. Servilius Isuaricus (Cos. 48, 41): Brought C. Messius into court although he was legate of Caesar.

Ser. Sulpicius Galba Pat: Enabled his old commander Pomptinus to secure his triumph.

L. Aelius Tubero: Possibly praetor in this year. No conclusive evidence.

M. Aurelius Cotta: Possibly praetor in this year. No conclusive evidence.

M. Considius Nonianus: Possibly praetor in this year. No conclusive evidence.

C. Fannius: Possibly praetor in this year. No conclusive evidence.

L. Postumius: Possibly praetor in this year. No conclusive evidence.

P. Sestius: Possibly praetor in this year. No conclusive evidence.

Voconius: Possibly praetor in this year. No conclusive evidence.

Aed. Cr.: Cn. Plancius

A. Plautius Plotius (Pr. 51)

Tr. Pl.: D. Laelius: Aided Gabinius after his conviction.

C. Memmius: Pressed against Gabinius charge of extortion. Probably prosecuted Domitus Calvinus for bribery.

Q. Mucius Scaevola: Used obnuntiatio to delay elections. Opposed triumph of Pomptinus.

Terentius: Vetoed the bill to prosecute candidates for consulship who were involved in bribery scandals.

Quaest.: Fautus Cornelius Sulla Pat.

M. Licinius Crassus: Served under Caesar in Gaul.

? T. Ligarius: Quaestor urbanus. Worked with Cicero in promoting Caesar's interests.

? C. Scribonius Curio: May have served under C. Claudius Pulcher in Asia.

L. Sestius Pansa: Quaestor in Asia, probably proquaestor.

Promag.: Q. Ancharius (Pr. 56): Proconsul in Macedonia.

C. Claudius Pulcher Pat.: Proconsul in Asia.

P. Cornelius Lentulus Spinther Pat. (Cos. 57, Pr. 60): Proconsul in Cilicia.

C. Iulius Caesar Pat. (Cos. 59, 48, 46-44, Pr. 62): Proconsul in both of the Gallic provinces and Illyricum.

M. Licinius Crassus (Cos. 70, 55, Pr. 73?): Proconsul in Syria under lex Trebonia.

Cn. Pompeius Magnus (Cos. 70, 55, 52): Proconsul of Spains under lex Trebonia and in charge of grain supply.

C. Pomptinus (Pr. 63): With aid of Pr. Galba and Cos. Ap. Claudius finally secured his triumph ex Allbroges.

Tr. Mil.: M Curtius Postumus (Pr. 47, 46)

Q. Laberius Durus: Killed in battle in Britian.

Petronius: Served under Crassus in Syria.

Legates: L. Afranius: Legate under Pompeius in Spain.

L. Aurunculeius Cotta: Legate under Caesar. Killed during revolt of the Euburones.

C. Fabius: Legate under Caesar in Gaul.

? A. Hirtius: Served under Caesar in Gaul.

T. Labienus (Pr. -): Legatus pro praetore unde Caesar in Gaul. In charge of Gaul during Caesar's exped. to UK.

P. Licinius Crassus: Joined with his father in Syria in winter of 54-53 with 1000 Gallic horse.

C. Messius: Legate of Caesar but returned to R. by edict of Pr. P. Servilius.

L. Munatius Plancus (Cos. 42, Pr. 45?): Legate under Caesar in Gaul.

M. Petreius (Pr. 64): Legate under Pompeius in Spain.

? L. Roscius Fabatus: Served under Caesar in Gaul.

P. Sulpicius Rufus: Served under Caesar in Gaul.

Q. Titurius Sabinus: Legate under Caesar in Gaul.

C. Trebonius (Cos. Suff. 45, Pr. 48): Legate under Caesar in Gaul.

Q. Tullius Cicero: Legate under Caesar in Gaul.

Octavius: Legate of Crassus in Syria.

Vargunteius: Legate of Crassus in Syria.

Prefects: Q. Atrius: Prefect to guard Caesar's fleet during his expedition to Britian.





53 B.C., A.U.C. 701 [Return to Top of Page]

Consuls: Cn. Domitius M. f. M. n. Calvinus (Cos. 40, Pr. 56): Entered office with colleague in July.

M. Valerius Messalla Rufus Pat. (Pr. 62?): Attempts to hold elections for 52 frustrated by Milo & Hypsaeus.

Praetors: L. Aemilius Lepidus Paullus Pat. (Cos. 50)

? P. Attius Varus

? C. Claudius Marcellus (Cos. 50)

? Q. Minucius Thermus

Aed. Cr.: ? M. Aemilius Lepidus Pat. (Cos. 46, 42, Pr. 49)

Tr. Pl.: M. Coelius Vinicianus (Pr. 48?): Together with Hirrus he proposed that Pompeius be made Dictator.

P. Licinius Crassus Dives Iunianus: Cicero dissuaded him from joining Hirrus in proposing Dictatorship for Pompeius.

C. Lucilius Hirrus: With Vinicianus proposed that Pompeius be made Dictator.

Quaest.: C. Cassius Longinus (Pr. 44): Served under Crassus in Syria as Quaestor. Escaped from Carhae, organized defense of Syria.

M. Iunius Brutus (Pr. 44): Refused to serve under Caesar in Gaul and accompanied father-in-law Ap. Claudius Pulcher to Cilicia.

Interrex: Q. Caecilius Metellus Pius Scipio Nasica (Cos. 52, Pr. 55)

M. Valerius Messalla Niger Pat. (Cos. 61, Pr. 64)

Promag.: C. Claudius Pulcher Pat. (Pr. 56): Proconsul in Asia.

Ap. Claudius Pulcher Pat. (Cos. 54, Pr. 57): Proconsul in Cilicia.

P. Cornelius Lentulus Spinther Pat. (Cos. 57, Pr. 60): Proconsul. Returned to R. and remained cum imperio while awaiting triumph.

C. Cosconius C.f. (Pr. 54?): Proconsul in Macedonia.

C. Iulius Caesar Pat. (Cos. 59, 48, 46-44): Proconsul of two Gallic provinces and Illyricum under lex Pompei Licinia.

M. Licinius Crassus (Cos. 70, 55, Pr. 73): Proconsul in Syria under lex Trebonia. His invasion of Parthia ended in disaster at Carrhae.

M. Licinius Crassus: Contined to serve under Caesar in early 53 in Gaul.

Cn. Pompeius Magnus (Cos. 70, 55, 52): Proconsul of both Spains by lex Trebonia. Probably also remained in charge of grain supply.

C. Scribonius Curio: With C. Claudius Pulcher in Asia.

Tr. Mil.: Petronius: Served under Crassus in Syria and died defending him.

Legates: L. Afranius (Cos. 60, Pr. 72?): Legate to Pompeius in Spain.

C. Antistius Reginus: Legate of Caesar in Spain.

C. Fabius: Legate of Caesar in Gaul.

Q. Fabius Vergilianus: Legate of Ap. Claudius in Cilicia.

M. Iunius Silanus: Legate of Caesar in Gaul.

T. Labienus: Legatus pro praetore under Caesar in Gaul.

P. Licinius Crassus: Served with his father against Parthians and fell in battle at Carrhae.

? Marcus Censorinus: Senate who died with younger Crassus at Carrhae.

? Megabocchus: Served and fell with younger Crassus at Carrhae.

L. Minucius Basilus: Cavalry commander, probably Legate, under Caesar in Gaul.

? Q. Mucius Scaevola: Legate under Ap. Claudius in Cilicia.

L. Munatius Plancus: Legate under Caesar in Gaul.

Octavius: Legate under Crassus at Carrhae. Killed defending Crassus from capture.

? M. Octavius Cn. f.: On staff of Ap. Claudius in Cilicia.

M. Petreius (Pr. 64?): Legate of Pompeius in Spain.

T. Sextius (Pr. bef. 44): Legate of Caesar in Gaul.

P. Sulpicius Rufus Pat. (Pr. 48): Legate under Caesar.

C. Trebonius (Cos. Suff. 45, Pr. 48): Legate under Caesar in Gaul with special command ag. Eburones.

Q. Tullius Cicero (Pr. 62): Legate under Caesar in Gaul.

? C. Valerius Flaccus L. f.: On staff of Ap. Claudius in Cilicia.

Prefects: ? Coponius: In command of Roman garrison at Carrhae.

? Egnatius: In command of body of 300 cavalry which escape Carrhae.

? C. Trebonius: Roman equites in command of vexillum of the legion under Q. Cicero.

C. Volcatius Tullus: Placed in charge of guard at bridge over Rhine.

Pontif.: C. Scribonius Curio (Cos. 76, Pr. 80): ca. 60 - 53.

Successor: C. Scribonius Curio.

M. Licinius Crassus (Cos. 70, 55): ca. 60- 53. If he was pontifex, his spot became vacant.

Augurs: P. Licinius Crassus: ca. 56-53. Died at Carrhae.

Successor: M. Tullius Cicero (Cos. 63, Pr. 65): Nominated by Pompeius and Hortensius.





52 B.C., A.U.C. 702 [Return to Top of Page]

Consuls: Cn. Pompeius Cn. f. Sex. n. Magnus (Cos. 70, 55): See MRR 2.234.

Q. Caecilius Q. f. Q. n. Metellus Pius Scipio Nasica (Pr. 55?)

Praetors: ? C. Claudius Marcellus (Cos. 49)

? M. Nonius Sufenas

? P. Silius

Cn. Tremellius Scrofa

Aediles: ? M. Aufidius Lurco

M. Favonius

Tr. Pl.: M. Caelius Rufus (Pr. 48): Supported Milo and joined Cicero in defense of M. Saufeius.

Q. Manilius Cumans: Joined Caelius in restoring to Milo a slave being kept as witness in home of Triumvir Capitalis.

T. Munatius Plancus Byrsa: Supporter of Clodius. Prominent in disorders af. his death. Prosecuted by Cicero in 52.

Q. Pompeius Rufus: Supporter of Clodius. Prominent in disorders af. his death. Prosecuted by Caelius in 52 and sent into exile.

C. Sallustius Crispus (Pr. 46): Opposed Milo, supported colleagues Plancus and Rufus.

[All ten tribunes joined together to pass law permitting Caesar to stand for consulship in absentia.

Quaest.: ? L. Ateius Capito (Pr. -)

M. Antonius (Cos. 44, 34, Cos. Desig. 31): Chosen without the lot, he served under Caesar in Gaul.

L. Caecilius Metellus: Quaestor in Sicily.

Q. Cassius Longinus: Chosen, not allotted, he served under Pompeius in Spain.

M. Eppius

Interrex: M. Aemilius Lepidus Pat. (Cos. 46, 42, Pr. 49): First interrex.

Ser. Sulpicius Rufus Pat. (Cos. 51, Pr. 65): Interrex who presided over election of Pompeius as sole consul.

M. Valerius Messalla Niger Pat. (Cos. 61, Pr. 64?)

Quaestit.: Considius: Presided over trial of Saufeius under the lex Plautia de vi.

L. Domitius Ahenobarbus (Cos. 54, Pr. 58): Presided over the trial of Milo under the lex Pompeia de vi.

L. Fabius: Presided over the conviction in absence of Milo, under a law (the Plautian?) de vi.

M. Favonius (Pr. 49): Presided over the conviction of Milo, presumably in absentia, under the Lex Licinia de sodaliciis.

A. Manlius Torquatus Pat. (Pr. 70): Presided over the choice of prosecutor and conviction of Milo de ambitu.

Promag.: ? P. Attius Varus: Governor of Africa a few years before 49 B.C.

C. Cassius Longinus (Pr. 44): Proquaestor in Syria.

Ap. Claudius Pulcher Pat. (Cos. 54, Pr. 57): Proconsul in Cilicia.

P. Cornelius Lentulus Spinther Pat. (Cos. 57, Pr. 60): Proconsul and Imperator awaiting his triumph outside of Rome.

C. Iulius Caesar Pat. (Cos. 59, 48, 46-44, Pr. 62): Proconsul in both Gallic provinces and Illyricum under lex Licinia Pompeia.

? Q. Minucius Thermus (Pr. 53 or by 58?): Propraetor in Asia.

Cn. Pompeius Magnus (Cos. 70, 55, 52): Proconsul of both Spains under lex Trebonia but his command was prorogued for 5 more years.

Tr. Mil.: M. Aristius: Served under Caesar in Gaul.

Legates: L. Afranius (Cos. 60, Pr. 72?): Continued to serve under Pompeius in Gaul.

C. Antistius Reginus: Legate under Caesar in Gaul.

? M. Antonius (Cos. 44, 34, Cos. Desig. 31): Legate of Caesar in Gaul.

C. Caninius Rebilus (Cos. Suff. 45, Pr. 48?): Legate of Caesar in Gaul.

C. Fabius: Legate under Caesar in Gaul.

Q. Fabius Vergillianus: Legate under Ap. Claudius in Cilicia.

L. Iulius Caesar Pat. (Cos. 64): Legate of Caesar in Gaul, in charge of Narbonese province.

T. Labienus (Pr. -): Legatus pro praetore under Caesar in Gaul.

L. Minucius Basilus (Pr. 45): Served under Caesar in Gaul.

L. Munatius Plancus (Cos. 42, Pr. 45?): Legate under Caesar in Gaul.

P. Nigidius Figulus (Pr. 48): Legate.

? M. Octavius: On staff of Appius Claudius in Cilicia.

M. Petreius (Pr. 64): Legate under Pompeius in Spain.

M. Sempronius Rutilius: Served under Caesar in Gaul.

T. Sextius: Legate under Caesar in Gaul.

P. Sulpicius Rufus Pat. (Pr. 48): Legate under Caesar.

C. Trebonius (Cos. Suff. 45, Pr. 48): Legate under Caesar in Gaul.

Q. Tullius Cicero (Pr. 62): Legate under Caesar in Gaul.

C. Valerius Flaccus Pat. Legate under Ap. Claudius in Cilicia.

C. Volcatius Tullus: Legate under Caesar.

Prefects: D. Iunius Brutus Albinus (Cos. Desig. 42, Pr. 48): Served under Caesar in Gaul.

M. Scaptius: Appointed by Ap. Claudius in Cilicia as Prefect of cavalry to collect debts owed to Brutus by Salamis.

? C. Volusenus Quadratus: Sent to put Commius the Atrebatian to death.

Pontif.: C. Scribonius Curio: Elected in succession to his father.





51 B.C., A.U.C. 703 [Return to Top of Page]

Consuls: Ser. Sulpiciuis Q. f. Rufus Pat. (Pr. 65)

M. Claudius M. f. M. n. Marcellus (Pr. 54?): Strongly anti-Caesarian opposed by both colleague and Pompeius.

Praetors: M. Iuventius Laterensis: Quaestio de repetundis.

A. Plautius: Praetor Urbanus.

Tr. Pl.: C. Caelius: Vetoed anti-Caesarian resolution of the Senate.

P. Cornelius: Vetoed anti-Caesarian resolution of the Senate.

C. Vibius Pansa (Cos. 43, Pr. 48): Vetoed several anti-Caesarian resolutions of the Senate.

L. Vinicius: Vetoed anti-Caesarian resolution of the Senate.

Quaest.: C. Antonius (Pr. 44): One of three brothers of whom Marcus was Quaest. in 52, and Lucius in 50.

? T. Furfanius Postumus: Quaestor in Sicily.

Furius Crassipes: Served under Silius in Bithynia and Pontus.

L. Mescinius Rufus: Served under Cicero in Cilicia.

Canini Sallustius: Served as Proquaestor in 50 under Bibulus in Syria. Often confused with Sallust the historian.

Promag.: M. Antonius (Cos. 44, 34, Cos. Desig. 31): Continued to serve under Caesar in Gaul.

M. Calpurnius Bibulus (Cos. 59, Pr. 62): Proconsul in Syria, where he arrived late in year after Cassius repelled Parthian invasion.

C. Cassius Longinus (Pr. 44): Proquaestor in Syria. Led Parthian invaders into ambush at Antioch.

Ap. Claudius Pulcher Pat. (Cos. 54, Pr. 57): Procos. in Cilicia, leaving in August. Claimed as Imperator a triumph, but backed down.

C. Considius Longus (Pr. bef. 57? or 52?): Governor of Africa in 50 and probably in 51.

P. Cornelius Lentulus Spinther Pat. (Cos. 57, Pr. 60): Proconsul and Imperator; celebrated triumph from Cilicia in latter part of 51.

C. Iulius Caesar Pat. (Cos. 59, 48, 46-44, Pr. 62): Proc. & Imperator in two Gallic provinces and Illyricum under lex Pompeia-Licinia.

Q. Minucius Thermus (Pr. bef 57? or 53?): Propraetor in Asia.

M. Nonius Sufenas (Pr. 52?): Governor of a province in East, probably Crete or Macedonia.

Cn. Pompeius Magnus (Cos. 70, 55, 52): Proconsul in both Spains. Continued to remain in Italy.

P. Silius (Pr. bef. 57? or 52?): Propraetor in Bithynia and Pontus.

Cn. Tremellius Scrofa (Pr. bef. 57? or 52?): Governor of a province in the East.

M. Tullius Cicero (Cos. 63, Pr. 66): Proconsul and was acclaimed Imperator in October after victory over tribesmen of Amanus.

Tr. Mil.: Q. Fufidius: Served under Cicero in Cilicia.

Sex. Lucilius: Fell in battle while serving under Bibulus in Syria.

Legates: D. Antonius: Sent by Cicero to Ap. Claudius, the retiring governor of Cilicia.

L. Afranius: Legate under Pompeius in Spain.

M. Anneius: Legate under Cicero in Cilicia.

? C. Antistius Reginus: Legate under Caesar in Gaul.

C. Caninius Rebilus (Cos. Suff. 45, Pr. 48?): Legate under Caesar in Gaul.

C. Fabius: Legate under Caesar in Gaul.

C. Fabius Vergillianus: Legate under Caesar in Gaul.

Q. Fufius Calenus (Cos. 47, Pr. 59): Legate under Caesar in Gaul.

L. Iulius Caesar Pat. (Cos. 64): Legate under Caesar in Gaul.

T. Labienus (Pr. -): Legatus pro praetore unde Caesar in Gaul.

Q. Ligarius: Legate under Considius in Africa.

L. Minucius Basilus (Pr. 45): Legate under Caesar in Gaul.

L. Munatius Plancus (Cos. 42, Pr. 45?): Legate under Caesar in Gaul.

P. Nigidius Figulus (Pr. 58): Legate in Asia, presumably under Minucius Thermus and left Asia in July 51.

? M. Octavius: On staff of Ap. Claudius in Cilicia

M. Petreius: Legate under Pompeius in Spain.

C. Pomptinus: Legate under Cicero in Cilicia.

T. Sextius: Legate under Caesar in Gaul.

P. Sulpicius Rufus Pat. (Pr. 48): Legate under Caesar.

T. Titius: Legate in a province imp. for its grain supply, probably af. conclusion of Pompeius' term in charge of supply.

C. Trebonius (Cos. Suff. 45, Pr. 48): Legate under Caesar in Gaul.

L. Tullius: Legate under Cicero in Cilicia.

Q. Tullius Cicero (Pr. 62): Legate under brother in Cilicia.

? C. Valerius Flaccus Pat.: On the staff of Ap. Claudius in Cilicia.

P. Vatinius (Cos. 47, Pr. 55): Legate under Caesar in Gaul.

? C. Volcatius Tullus: Legate under Caesar in Gaul.

Prefects: D. Antonius: Praefectus evocatorum under Cicero in Cicilia.

Q. Atius Varus: Praefectus equitum under Caesar in Gaul.

L. Clodius: Praefectus fabrum under Appius Claudius in Cilicia.

Q. Lepta: Praefectus fabrum under Cicero in Cilicia.

Q. Volusius: Sent to Cyprus by Cicero to attend to the litigation of the Roman citizens there.

C. Volusius Quadratus: Praefectus equitum under Caesar in Gaul.

15Viri: P. Cornelius Dolabella Pat. (Cos. Suff. 44): Elected this year, defeating L. Cornelius Lentulus Crus.


Addendum: The following men were witnesses to resolution of the Senate reported by Caelius to Cic. in Fam. 8.8.5-6:

L. Domitius Ahenobarbus (Cos. 54)

Q. Caecilius Metellus Pius Scipio Nasica (Cos. 52)

L. Villius Annalis: Pr. before 57.

C. Septimius (Pr. 57)

C. Lucilius Hirrus (Tr. Pl. 53)

C. Scribonius Curio (Tr. Pl. 50)

L. Ateius Capito (Pr.-): Ex-Quaestor in 51.

M. Eppius: Ex-Quaestor in 51.





50 B.C., A.U.C. 704 [Return to Top of Page]

Consuls: L. Aemilius M. f. Q. n. Lepidus Paullus Pat. (Pr. 53): Tended to support Caesar.

C. Claudius C. f. M. n. Marcellus (Pr. by 53): Opponent of Caesar.

Censors: Ap. Claudius Ap. f. Ap. n. Pulcher Pat. (Cos. 54, Pr. 57): Zealous in his duties, removing, among others, Sallust from the Senate.

L. Calpurnius L. f. L. n. Piso Caesoninus (Cos. 58, Pr. 61?): More moderate, protected Curio from his colleague.

Praetors: ? M. Considius Nonianus

C. Curtius Peducaenus

? L. Postumius

? L. Scribonius Libo

C. Titius L. f. Rufus: Pr. Urbanus.

M. Livius Drusus Claudianus: President of a court to which cases of violation of the Lex Scantinia were brought. May have been iudex.

Aed. Cr.: M. Caelius Rufus (Pr. 48): Quarrelled with Censor Ap. Claudius. Prosecuted persons who were diverting aqueduct water.

M. Octavius

Tr. Pl.: C. Furnius (Pr. 42): Cicero relied on him to prevent prorogation of his provincial command.

C. Scribonius Curio: Elected in place of Servaeus who had been convicted of bribery in the election. See MRR 2.249.

Quaest.: T. Antistius: Quaestor in Macedonia.

L. Antonius (Cos. 41): Served under Minucius Thermus in Asia. Upon leaving the province Thermus left him in command.

C. Coelius Caldus: Served under Cicero in Cilicia. Left in command when Cicero returned to R.

Promag.: M. Aurelius Cotta (Pr. 55? or 54?): Gov. of Sardinia in early 49.

M. Calpurnius Bibuls (Cos. 59, Pr. 62): Proconsul of Syria. Honored with supplicatio. His sons were murdered in Egypt this year.

C. Considius Longus (Pr. before 57? or 52?): Returned from Africa late in 50 to convass for consulship.

T. Furfanius Postumus (Pr. 46): Proquaestor in Sicily.

C. Iulius Caesar Pat. (Cos. 59, 48, 46-44, Pr. 62): Proc. of both Gallic provinces + Illyricum. Crisis over successor erupted at year's end.

L. Mescinius Rufus: Served under Cicero in Cilicia and left provinces with him.

Q. Minucius Thermus (Pr. b/f 57? and 53?): Propraetor in Asia, whence he returned to Italy this year.

M. Nonius Sufenas (Pr. 52?): Governor of a province in East, probably Crete or Macedonia.

Cn. Pompeius Magnus (Cos. 70, 55, 52): Proconsul in both Spanish provinces. He continued to govern by legates.

Canini Sallustius: Served as Proquaestor under Bibulus in Syria.

P. Silius (Pr. 52?): Propraetor in Pontus and Bithynia.

Cn. Tremellius Scrofa (Pr. 52?): Governor of an eastern province, perhaps Macedonia.

M. Tullius Cicero (Cos. 63, Pr. 65): Proconsul in Cilicia and Imperator. Supplicatio was decreed for his victory. Left Cilicia in June 50.

Tr. Mil.: Q. Fufidius: Served under Cicero in Cilicia.

M. Scaptius: He first accepted then refused this position from Cicero while attending business for Brutus in Cappadocia.

Legates: A. Hirtius (Cos. 43, Pr. 46): Caesar sent him to Rome early in Dec. to meet Balbus and Metellus Scipio, but he hurried back w/o meeting.

L. Afranius (Cos. 60, Pr. 72?): Legate under Pompeius in Spain.

M. Anneius: Legate under Cicero in Cilicia.

? C. Antistius Reginus: Legate under Caesar.

C. Fabius: Legate under Caesar in Gaul.

Q. Fufius Calenus: Legate under Caesar in Gaul.

L. Iulius Caesar Pat. (Cos. 64): Legate under Caesar in Gaul.

T. Labienus (Pr. -): Legatus pro praetore under Caesar in Gaul who received charge of Cisalpine Gaul in 50.

Q. Ligarius: Legate under Considius Longus in Africa, left in command when Considius returned to Rome.

L. Minucius Basilus: Legate under Caesar in Gaul.

L. Munatius Plancus (Cos. 42, Pr. 45?): Legate under Caesar in Gaul.

M. Petreius (Pr. 64): Legate under Pompeius in Spain.

C. Pomptinus (Pr. 63): Legate under Cicero in Cilicia, but returned to Italy before him.

? T. Sextius (Pr. b/f 44): Legate under Caesar in Gaul.

P. Sulpicius Rufus Pat. (Pr. 48): Legate under Caesar.

M. Terentius Varro (Pr. -)

C. Trebonius (Cos. Suff. 45, Pr. 48): Legate under Caesar in Gaul, placed in charge of winter-quarters in Belgic Gaul.

L. Tullius: Legate under Cicero in Cilicia.

Q. Tullius Cicero (Pr. 62): Legate under Cicero in Cilicia.

P. Vatinius (Cos. 47, Pr. 55): Legate under Caesar in Gaul.

Veiento: Legate left in command of Syria by Bibulus.

C. Volcatius Tullus: Legate under Caesar in Gaul.

Prefects: L. Gavius: Received prefecture from Cicero in order to attend to business for Brutus in Cappadocia.

Q. Lepta: Praefectus fabrum under Cicero in Cilicia.

M. Scaptius: Received praefecture from Cicero in orrder to attend to business in Cappadocia for Brutus.

Q. Volusius: Served under Cicero in Cilicia.

Pontif.: L. Domitius Ahenobarbus (Cos. 54, Pr. 58): Elected af. 57.

M. Iunius Brutus (Pr. 44): ?-42. Colleague of Metellus Scipio.

Augurs: Q. Hortensius Hortalus (Cos. 69, Pr. 72): 67-50.

Successor: M. Antonius (Cos. 44, 34, Cos. Desig. 31)

Augurs before Death of Hortensius:

? Q. Cassius Longinus: Probably before 55.

C. Claudius Marcellus (Pr. 80)

Ap. Claudius Pulcher Pat. (Cos. 54, Pr. 57)

P. Cornelius Lentulus Spinther Pat.

Faustus Cornelius Sulla Pat.: Elected before Lentulus Spinther.

Q. Hortensius (Cos. 69, Pr. 72)

L. Iulius Caesar Pat. (Cos. 64)

? L. Marcius Philippus (Cos. Suff. 38, Pr. 44)

Cn. Pompeius Magnus (Cos. 70, 55, 52)

? P. Servilius Isauricus (Cos. 48, 41, Pr. 54)

Ser. Sulpicius Galba Pat. (Pr. 54)

Q. Mucius Scaevola

M. Tullius Cicero (Cos. 63, Pr. 65)

M. Valerius Messalla Rufus Pat. (Cos. 53, Pr. 62): Augur for 55 years.  
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